How Your Thyroid Works And What Happens When It Doesn’t

The thyroid is vital to human function, but what happens when your thyroid stops working? Here, Infinite Wellness Integrative Wellness Center can answer that question from every angle, including the thyroid’s essential function, what happens when diseases form, and symptoms of thyroid conditions.

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Understanding Your Thyroid: The Basics

Your thyroid is a gland in your neck that produces hormones your body needs to perform essential functions. The thyroid’s primary function is to control your metabolism, which is responsible for converting food into energy and consuming calories. The thyroid also controls your heart rate.

Your thyroid works together with your body’s pituitary gland to ensure your bloodstream has adequate hormone levels. If your thyroid overproduces hormones or your metabolism consumes too many, the pituitary gland adjusts the levels back to normal.

What Happens When Your Thyroid Stops Working

Knowing how essential the thyroid is, you might be wondering what happens when your thyroid stops working. Thyroids can contract two types of thyroid disease; hyperthyroidism and hypothyroidism. 

Hyperthyroidism is when your thyroid produces too many hormones, which forces your body to use too much energy and creates many physical and mental issues, including elevated heart rate, anxiety, and weight loss. 

Hypothyroidism is the opposite of hyperthyroidism. It causes your thyroid to underproduce hormones and deprives your body of energy, leading to sluggish feelings, weight gain, and temperature sensitivity. Hypothyroidism is the more common of the two conditions, effective over 4% of the United States population.

The most common cause of hypothyroidism is Hashimoto’s disease. Hashimoto’s disease is when your body attacks your thyroid and inflames the area. The thyroid is unable to produce enough hormones as a result, resulting in hypothyroidism. 

There are several other causes of hypothyroidism, including thyroid surgery, radiation therapy, medications, and thyroiditis (inflammation of the thyroid). It is also possible for some people to be born with hypothyroidism, called congenital hypothyroidism. 

People Most at Risk of Developing Thyroid Disease

Nobody is immune to thyroid disease; it affects people of all sexes and ages. However, women are more than five times more likely to contract a thyroid disease than men. Additionally, you’re at a higher risk of developing the condition if you match any of the following criteria:

  • If you’re older than 60
  • If you have a family history of thyroid disease
  • If you have type 1 diabetes, lupus, or pernicious anemia

Symptoms of a Failing Thyroid

The most common signs of thyroid disease include:

  • Muscle weakness
  • Enlarged thyroid gland
  • Sleeping difficulties
  • Vision problems
  • Irritability

You can also receive a blood test to determine if you have a thyroid condition.

We Can Help With Thyroid Treatments & Consultations

“A failing thyroid needs to be treated. Our team can help patients diagnose and manage thyroid conditions. We encourage you to schedule a consultation with Infinite Wellness Integrative Wellness Center for more information about thyroid conditions.” said Dr. Ryan Cleland, owner of the center.

To schedule an appointment, you can contact Infinite Wellness Integrative Wellness Center at (618) 747-3200 or visit their website at

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